Intellectual Disability

Intellectual disability is characterized both by a significantly below-average score on a test of mental ability or intelligence and by limitations in the ability to function in areas of daily life, such as communication, self-care and getting along in social situations and school activities. Intellectual disability is sometimes referred to as a cognitive disability or mental retardation. Children with intellectual disability can and do learn new skills, but they develop more slowly than children with average intelligence and adaptive skills. There are different degrees of intellectual disability, ranging from mild to profound. A person's level of intellectual disability can be defined by their intelligence quotient (IQ), or by the types and amount of support they need.

Website Resources
CDC – Developmental Disabilities
Intellectual disabilities.

Published Resources
Questions & Answers About Persons with Intellectual Disabilities in the Workplace and the Americans with Disabilities Act