Research

Care of Adolescent Parents and Their Children
Many children live with their adolescent parents, alone, or as part of an extended family. This article addresses specific medical and psychosocial risks specific to adolescent parents and their children. In the article, challenges unique to the adolescent mother and her partner, as well as mitigating circumstances and protective factors are discussed. Click here for the full article.

 

Building a Grad Nation
America’s Promise Alliance, Civic Enterprises, and Johns Hopkins University’s Everyone Graduates Center released the report, Building a Grad Nation. It highlights some positive signs that our efforts toward making education relevant for all students are working. The U.S. graduation rate increased from 72 percent in 2002 to 75 percent in 2008, and the number of schools where 40 percent or more of the students do not graduate fell by 13 percent during the same period.

The main message of the report is that smart and sustained efforts transform schools and keep students engaged in learning until they leave with a diploma in hand. It is possible to ensure all children graduate because we know which students are unlikely to complete their education and we have the strategies that help them stay on track. But with one in four U.S. public school students still dropping out – including close to 40 percent of minority students – we have a long road ahead, and tackling this challenge must remain an urgent national priority. There is nothing more critical than making sure every school in every community delivers every young person the knowledge, passion and skills to enjoy lives of meaning, to fulfill their potential, and to compete in the global economy.

 

Career Development
The Vocational Information Center provides information regarding career development and guidance. There are downloadable handouts, worksheets and workbooks to help you get started with a career plan for your ELECT students. All ELECT students need an Individual Service Plan in their student folder. Visit this website for assistance with this ELECT requirement. To access the Career Development and Guidance: Worksheets, Handouts and Workbooks website, click here.

 

CDC: U.S. Teen Birth Rate Fell to Record Low in 2009
This article was published by ABC news in April, 2011. Despite an overall decline in teen births, the U.S. teen birth rate is nine times higher in the U.S. than it is in other developed countries. Data used in the article can be found on the CDC web site.

 

Father Involvement
This research brief highlights the characteristics of families with young children who become homeless in the urban United States. It explores poverty in the context of housing status and puts a spotlight on the characteristics that make families who experience homelessness different from otherwise similar poor families who consistently maintain stable housing. Differences in fathers’ involvement is examined, finding that unstably housed children have fathers who contribute less to their financial and developmental well-being. Research Brief

 

Gender Differences in Dating Aggression among Multi-ethnic High School Students
This article assess the prevalence of physical dating aggression and victimization among high school students, the prevalence of mutual and exclusive aggression, determines whether aggression differs across ethnic groups and relationship type and ascertains the likelihood of injury and breakup in individuals who reported that they were the recipients of physical aggression. Dating aggression intervention programs should address physical aggression of both males and females. Because approximately 30% of the high school males and females reported being the recipients of physical aggression by their partners, primary prevention efforts should occur before high school. View PDF.  

 

Home Visit Safety Guidance
Home visits are a required component of the ELECT program. The safety of the case managers and the students are of the utmost importance. Please refer to the safety guidelines issued by Departments of Public Welfare and Education when conducting home visits for ELECT students.

 

Is There a Trend of Increased Unwanted Childbearing among Young Women in the United States?
The majority of births to young women are unintended (either mistimed or unwanted), bearing an increased risk of poor health outcomes for both mother and child. In this article analysis trends of unwanted, mistimed, and intended birth reported by all women and specifically by young women in the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) are outlined. The researchers’ analyses suggest an increasing trend in unwanted childbearing among young women between 1995 and 2002. The authors suggest that further research is needed to understand the meaning and causes of increased unwanted childbearing among young women and to identify characteristics of those at risk. View PDF.

 

Mom as Gateway: A Module for 24/7 Dad TM and Other Fathering Program
In most married or cohabiting American families, mothers and fathers divide their family roles and tasks to achieve maximum efficiency as they raise children. Even when parents expect during pregnancy that they will divide employment and family roles evenly, most new parents take on gender stereotypic roles after the birth of their first child and thereafter (Cowan & Cowan, 2000). Read more...

 

Nicotine Gum for Pregnant Smokers
Nicotine Gum for Pregnant Smokers estimates the safety and efficacy of treatment with 2-mg nicotine gum for smoking cessation during pregnancy. Although nicotine gum did not increase quit rates, use of nicotine gum increased birth weight and gestational age, two key parameters in predicting neonatal wellbeing. To read more about this article, please click here
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Promising Teen Fatherhood Programs: Initial Evidence Lessons from Evidence Based Research
What makes for a good teen fatherhood program? The timing of fatherhood is a powerful organizer of the paternal role. Early entry into fatherhood is a non-normative event and often accelerates role transitions. Even before they become fathers, teen fathers are a particularly vulnerable group of males whose family backgrounds and life-stressors tend to differ from older men and men who do not become fathers during adolescence. This brief identifies ten characteristics of “model” and “promising” teen fatherhood programs using rigorous evaluation criteria. Click here to read the article.

 

Results of the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy and CosmoGirl Sex and Tech Survey
The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy and CosmoGirl has released the results of their Sex and Tech Survey. This national survey highlighted some of the online and mobile phone activities of teens and young adults. Some of the findings are:

  • Nearly half of young people have sent sexually suggestive text messages or email messages to someone
  • One third of young teen girls (13-16) have received sexually suggestive messages
  • Nearly one quarter of young adults say sending sexually suggestive content “is no big deal”

These findings highlight that parents should understand that their own notions of what's public, what's private and what's appropriate, may differ greatly from how teens and young adults define these concepts. Click here to read the article.

 

Runaway and Pregnant: Risk Factors Associated with Pregnancy in a National Sample of Runaway/Homeless Female Adolescents
Homeless youth are at particularly high risk for teen pregnancy; research indicates as many as 20% of homeless young women become pregnant. These pregnant and homeless teens lack financial resources and adequate health care, resulting in increased risk for low birth-weight babies and high infant mortality. This study investigated individual and family-level predictors of teen pregnancy among a national sample of runaway/homeless youth in order to better understand the needs of this vulnerable population. Suggestions are made for extending shelter services to include referrals and coordination with teen parenting programs and other systems of care. View PDF.

 
Ten Wresponsible fatherhoodays to Promote Educational Achievement beyond the Classroom
Many f
actors beyond the classroom can affect whether children and youth succeed in school. A new Child Trends brief, Ten Ways to Promote Educational Achievement and Attainment beyond the Classroom, identifies 10 actionable goals involving non-school factors that can affect educational outcomes. We know that it is feasible to influence these goals because program evaluation research has found that effective interventions already exist in each of these areas.

 

The National Youth Risk Behavior Survey
The National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) monitors priority health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death, disability and social problems among youth and adults in the United States. There has been an uptick in the percentage of 9-12 graders who have ever had sexual intercourse, intercourse with four or more persons, condom usage, birth control pills, and drug and alcohol use before sexual activity, as well as having received education about STIs. The attached document is a national perspective on these and other behavioral indicators.